Many of us would love to have a large garden, but it is not always practical to do so. We may be lacking in space or perhaps we are lacking the time to do it but in either case, we often throw up our hands and give up on the process altogether. That doesn’t have to be the case, however, because you can grow a miniature garden in a small container and the results can be quite fantastic.
Some people may consider the possibility of growing a miniature garden to be quite a daunting task. The fact of the matter is, however, it is fairly easy to do and it only takes a little bit of creativity and patience. When you make your own terrarium, you will be amazed with how much it takes on a life of its own. Simply follow these instructions and you will be on your way.
Choose the container
You need to choose a glass container that is deep enough to accommodate the roots of the plants. An old glass bowl or perhaps one that is specific for growing plants would work well. If it was used previously, wash it before planting new plants.
Almost any container will work:
Wardian cases of different shapes
Choose the plants
Any type of houseplant could be used for the terrarium but it is best if you choose plants with similar characteristics to grow together. Some ideal plants include ferns, succulents, moss and cacti
Great terrarium plants
Purchase the supplies
You can find everything you need to grow what terrarium at a local garden center or hardware store.
Potting soil. You should choose light soil with lots of drainage, preferably with some sphagnum/peat moss in it.
Pebbles or gravel. Both rocks provide good drainage when placed at the bottom of the terrarium, and they can give your miniature garden a neat appearance when placed at the top.
Activated charcoal. If you’re using a container without drainage holes, add a small layer of charcoal to the bottom of the pot.
Sheet moss. When placed in the bottom of the terrarium, sheet moss will function as a sponge that will absorb the excess water.
Planting tools, gloves, watering can.
Decorations. You may choose any decorations you like. For example, miniature garden gnomes, shells, rocks, small statues, or aquarium decorations.
Planting the terrarium
Clean the glass container. If the container was previously used, wash it thoroughly in soapy water and rinse well.
Add some drainage. Mix the gravel and pebbles with a generous handful of activated charcoal. Pour a layer of this mixture (about 2.5 cm thick) in the bottom of the container.
Add a layer of moss. This will prevent soil from filtering down into the gravel. Moreover, moss is great at absorbing excess water.
Put in the soil. Depending on the size of the terrarium and the length of the plants’ roots, you will need to add from 5-8 cm of soil. Gently tamp the soil to remove air pockets and smooth the surface. Dig small holes where you will put the plants.
Add the plants. Remove your plant from its container, shake excess soil off the roots, nestle it carefully into a hole you made previously, and lightly firm the soil around the plant. Repeat with the rest of the plants.
Add the decoration. You can use moss, stones, shells, or figurines to create your unique composition.
Give your plants a bit of moisture. Lightly water your miniature garden. This will be enough.
Water the plants – Water them occasionally if it is open. Airtight terrarium’s don’t require watering. If they are in open containers, perhaps water them once a week. Succulents and cacti can be watered once monthly.
The plants healthy – If you notice mold, weeds or sick plants, remove them immediately. Remove dead flowers or wilting parts of the plants as well.
Fresh air – Allow in some fresh air on occasion if the container is airtight. It is especially important if there is excessive condensation or wilting.
Via: Bright Side
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